Hyperpigmentation Treatment – A blotchy look can be caused by the condition known as hyperpigmentation, which occurs when the skin produces an excessive amount of pigment. The disorder can be as mild as simple freckling or as severe as the kind known as melasma. What triggered your hyperpigmentation will determine the type of hyperpigmentation you have. In this post, we will first discuss the various forms of hyperpigmentation and then move on to discuss the most cutting-edge treatment techniques that are now available for treating it.
First things first, let’s go over some of the fundamentals of hyperpigmentation. It is crucial to have an understanding of this problem, even if you are not a qualified skin care therapist, so that you can have a better understanding of the treatment that is required for it.
In layman’s terms, hyperpigmentation refers to an undesired increase in the amount of melanin that is produced by the skin. The creation of melanin is a natural process that the body employs in order to prevent the skin from being damaged. When you get a tan, you may observe this process working in real time. However, if you have hyperpigmentation, your body’s production of melanin will be patchy and uneven, which can make you look older than you actually are and is just plain unsightly.
There are a few different terminology that are used in the world of skin care for hyperpigmentation that is brought on by several triggers. The following is a list of categories that are well recognized, along with a brief explanation of each one:
Yes, freckles are a kind of hyperpigmentation; in fact, they are one of the most common kinds. They are the end consequence of a pattern of melanin synthesis that can be inherited or determined genetically.
Melasma is a kind of hyperpigmentation that is caused by hormonal factors.
The oral or injectable birth control, pregnancy, or menopause might all be potential sources of the hormones. The normal distribution of this pattern is across the tops of the cheekbones and the forehead. In most cases, this is due to the fact that the patient is still being subjected to the hormone source, which makes the condition more severe and makes treatment more challenging.
Age Spots: This type of sun damage is typically caused by environmental factors, specifically UV radiation. The fact that it only becomes visible after being exposed to the sun for a significant amount of time over a long period of time causes many to say that it is age-related.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation, often known as PIH, is a condition that appears after the skin has been injured. It may be the result of a cut or abrasion, acne, incorrectly performed professional skin care procedures, or another skin condition.
Actinic keratoses and other forms of lesions are examples of other types of hyperpigmentation. Both of these disorders are pre-cancerous and should be examined by a dermatologist. In this piece of writing, we will not be exploring the aforementioned circumstances.
You should be aware of the fact that the therapy for your hyperpigmentation will be the same no matter what sort of hyperpigmentation your doctor diagnoses you with. This is because the formation of melanin in the skin is a response to inflammation at every stage of the process.
To be more specific, the cells inside the epidermis that are responsible for producing melanin are termed melanocytes. Melanin is produced by that cell whenever it is subjected to anything that might cause inflammation, such as ultraviolet radiation, estrogen, or medications.
It is possible for the melanocyte to sustain damage that is irreversible if it is repeatedly subjected to a source of inflammation. In this case, the melanocyte will continue to function in a defensive mode. This indicates that the cell will never cease producing melanin and will always have a black appearance, even after the inflammation has subsided.
This also indicates that therapy for these disorders will be continuing… and will continue on for an indeterminate amount of time. This is especially the case when environmental damage leads to the formation of age spots.
Therefore, in order to treat the inflammation, it won’t matter whether it was caused by the sun’s ultraviolet rays (UV rays), hormones or other drugs, acne, or professional treatments like as laser resurfacing or deep chemical peels; identical approaches will be applied. In order to cure hyperpigmentation, the following treatment methods have proven to be the most popular in the skin care industry:
Topical Skin Lightening Products
Products for the external use that lighten the skin are known as topical skin lightening treatments. These are skin care products that include active substances called tyrosinase inhibitors. Tyrosinase is an enzyme that may be found in the body and is essential for the formation of melanin in the cell. These components may be manufactured artificially or via the use of chemical processes, or they may be obtained from natural sources.
Because it is the only treatment option that explicitly targets tyrosinase and the process by which melanin is created, skin care practitioners opt to employ this kind of therapy the vast majority of the time. It also happens to be the one with the lowest price tag. The quality of the product, including the type of tyrosinase inhibitors, the potency of the substances, and the pace at which it penetrates the skin, is totally responsible for the effectiveness of the treatment.
To be effective, creams need to be able to reach the deeper layers of the epidermis, namely the basal layer, where melanocytes reside. Always keep in mind that you will need to continue therapy in order to stop hyperpigmentation from returning, so select solutions that are safe for use over an extended period of time. Only naturally occurring tyrosinase inhibitors are completely risk-free and devoid of adverse effects.
The synthetic tyrosinase inhibitor known as hydroquinone should not be used for longer than three months at a time, according to the manufacturer’s instructions. If you have been using it, you should make an effort to gradually stop using it and start utilizing natural tyrosinase inhibitors instead.
A chemical peel is a treatment that is only conducted by trained specialists in the field of skin care and should only be done at their establishment.
This therapy may be administered at a variety of depths, and before settling on one, a thorough assessment of each individual patient is required. Because there is a possibility that promoting greater melanin production might create complications, a comprehensive examination should be done to identify the appropriate depth of therapy and the appropriate actions to follow in order to properly prepare the skin.
This therapy is beneficial for hyperpigmentation; nevertheless, it is recommended that it be used in conjunction with treatments that involve topical skin lightening agents. Peels are not enough to prevent hyperpigmentation from occurring again on their own. The extent of the procedure, as well as whether you go to an aesthetician or a doctor, will determine the price, which can range anywhere from $150 to $1,000.
Treatments with laser light: The condition known as hyperpigmentation can be treated with a number of different kinds of lasers. Just as not everyone is a suitable candidate for deeper chemical peels, the same is true for this more intensive procedure.
The average cost of this sort of therapy is $2,500, making it the most pricey option available. It is estimated that nearly half of all cases of pigmentary hyperpigmentation will return in some form or another. It is recommended that laser treatments be accompanied by topical therapies in order to prevent recurrence.
Topical skin lightening solutions have shown to give the best benefits for all users when considering their levels of efficacy and safety, as well as their costs. Affecting the tyrosinase activity in the cell is the most effective method for treating hyperpigmentation and keeping the results long-term. On the other hand, not all items are made in the same way.
Products that are truly effective must be from a professional product line or be something that can only be obtained via the services of a trained and certified skin care specialist. However, not every professional skin care product will be able to deliver the same level of results.
Products Sold at Professional Shops vs. Those Sold in Drug Stores
You are need to apply a professional skin care line in order to correct hyperpigmentation. These are skin care lines that are not available for purchase anywhere other than through certified dermatologists and other skin care specialists.
You won’t find this kind of product at pharmacies or department stores, so don’t bother looking for it there. You claim that it’s too expensive? Take another look at the prices, because brands sold in department stores are often more costly than professional skin care lines, while the prices of brands sold in pharmacy stores have just reached a level where they are comparable.
Also, keep in mind that there is no such thing as a good deal on something that is ineffective.
What exactly sets a professional skin care line from from those sold in pharmacies and department stores, as well as other retail outlets? Plenty, but the research that went into the formulation is arguably the most important.
Formulations that are often found in professional skin care products are more sophisticated. However, not every product brand that specialists carry will be successful in treating hyperpigmentation. There are therapeutic or corrective lines, as well as high-quality basic skin care lines, that are included in the category of professional lines.
Always use a correction product line to ensure that the improvements you see in your skin are real and not just an illusion. Both kinds are typically stocked by skin care therapists, however you should seek for products with the following claims on the label:
Utilization of a wide range of different components or chemicals. Simply read what’s on the label. If there are less than 15 components listed for a product, you should probably look for something else. A single product made by certain producers of clinical lines may include as many as fifty active components.
Utilization of a significant proportion of active substances. On the packaging, there need to be a place for you to locate the percentages of many of the active substances. If they didn’t employ larger concentrations of their core constituents, clinical lines would be no different than brands sold in department stores.
Utilization of a significant quantity of natural components. This will be more challenging to locate in a clinical line, but it is still out there somewhere. The cells of the skin are more likely to be compatible with natural substances, and natural compounds also have a greater capacity to penetrate deeper into the skin and into the cells themselves.
There it has to be in order to be effective! On the other hand, you shouldn’t bother looking for product brands that boast of being completely natural. These kinds of items are just not technologically mature enough to deliver the desired outcomes. You might as well be applying fresh fruit and veggies to your skin because doing so will have no effect on the hyperpigmentation that you have.
Natural components that are used in corrective skin care lines are derived from natural sources, but only in the laboratory, where particular elements are separated and concentrated to make an advanced product. Natural ingredients can only be used in corrective skin care lines. Look for products that include the following ingredients if you suffer from hyperpigmentation: kojic acid dipalmitate, l-arbutin, rumex, l-ergothioneine, vitamin C, and glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice).
These particular amino acids and plant derivatives are some of the most powerful natural tyrosinase inhibitors that can be found.
Employing components that are more technologically and scientifically sophisticated. In order for natural components to be declared clinically effective, a specific amount of sophisticated compounds that have been processed in a laboratory setting must be added with them.
There are a huge number of natural and safe substances that are utilized in skin care products, but the majority of these sorts of scientific ingredients are synthetic since nature simply does not have them.
There is no usage of synthetic flavors, colors, or scents. There is not a single professional skin care brand that can be trusted that uses any of these components in their formulations.
They are high on the list of substances that might cause allergic reactions, and the results can be achieved without them.
In conclusion, topical skin care solutions that make use of natural tyrosinase inhibitors are generally considered to be the most effective treatment alternatives for all types of hyperpigmentation. These products are the most cost effective, safest, and least likely to cause issues or rebound effects since they are designed to target a particular pathway in the production of melanin.
Be sure that the product is from a clinical skin care brand before using it. When you locate a product that is truly great, you will notice that your skin reaps additional advantages from using it. Keep an eye out for a high concentration of antioxidants, anti-inflammatory ingredients, and other nutrients.